Package weka.experiment

Source Code of weka.experiment.DatabaseUtils

/*
*    This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
*    it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
*    the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
*    (at your option) any later version.
*
*    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
*    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
*    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
*    GNU General Public License for more details.
*
*    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
*    along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
*    Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
*/

/*
*    DatabaseUtils.java
*    Copyright (C) 1999 University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand
*
*/

package weka.experiment;

import weka.core.RevisionHandler;
import weka.core.RevisionUtils;
import weka.core.Utils;

import java.io.Serializable;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DatabaseMetaData;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.ResultSetMetaData;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Statement;
import java.sql.Types;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.Properties;
import java.util.StringTokenizer;
import java.util.Vector;

/**
* DatabaseUtils provides utility functions for accessing the experiment
* database. The jdbc
* driver and database to be used default to "jdbc.idbDriver" and
* "jdbc:idb=experiments.prp". These may be changed by creating
* a java properties file called DatabaseUtils.props in user.home or
* the current directory. eg:<p>
*
* <code><pre>
* jdbcDriver=jdbc.idbDriver
* jdbcURL=jdbc:idb=experiments.prp
* </pre></code><p>
*
* @author Len Trigg (trigg@cs.waikato.ac.nz)
* @version $Revision: 6615 $
*/
public class DatabaseUtils
  implements Serializable, RevisionHandler {

  /** for serialization. */
  static final long serialVersionUID = -8252351994547116729L;
 
  /** The name of the table containing the index to experiments. */
  public static final String EXP_INDEX_TABLE = "Experiment_index";

  /** The name of the column containing the experiment type (ResultProducer). */
  public static final String EXP_TYPE_COL = "Experiment_type";

  /** The name of the column containing the experiment setup (parameters). */
  public static final String EXP_SETUP_COL = "Experiment_setup";
 
  /** The name of the column containing the results table name. */
  public static final String EXP_RESULT_COL = "Result_table";

  /** The prefix for result table names. */
  public static final String EXP_RESULT_PREFIX = "Results";

  /** The name of the properties file. */
  public final static String PROPERTY_FILE = "weka/experiment/DatabaseUtils.props";

  /** Holds the jdbc drivers to be used (only to stop them being gc'ed). */
  protected Vector DRIVERS = new Vector();

  /** keeping track of drivers that couldn't be loaded. */
  protected static Vector DRIVERS_ERRORS;

  /** Properties associated with the database connection. */
  protected Properties PROPERTIES;

  /* Type mapping used for reading experiment results */
  /** Type mapping for STRING used for reading experiment results. */
  public static final int STRING = 0;
  /** Type mapping for BOOL used for reading experiment results. */
  public static final int BOOL = 1;
  /** Type mapping for DOUBLE used for reading experiment results. */
  public static final int DOUBLE = 2;
  /** Type mapping for BYTE used for reading experiment results. */
  public static final int BYTE = 3;
  /** Type mapping for SHORT used for reading experiment results. */
  public static final int SHORT = 4;
  /** Type mapping for INTEGER used for reading experiment results. */
  public static final int INTEGER = 5;
  /** Type mapping for LONG used for reading experiment results. */
  public static final int LONG = 6;
  /** Type mapping for FLOAT used for reading experiment results. */
  public static final int FLOAT = 7;
  /** Type mapping for DATE used for reading experiment results. */
  public static final int DATE = 8;
  /** Type mapping for TEXT used for reading, e.g., text blobs. */
  public static final int TEXT = 9;
  /** Type mapping for TIME used for reading TIME columns. */
  public static final int TIME = 10;
 
  /** Database URL. */
  protected String m_DatabaseURL;
  /** The prepared statement used for database queries. */
  protected transient PreparedStatement m_PreparedStatement;
  
  /** The database connection. */
  protected transient Connection m_Connection;

  /** True if debugging output should be printed. */
  protected boolean m_Debug = false;
 
  /** Database username. */
  protected String m_userName = "";

  /** Database Password. */
  protected String m_password = "";

  /* mappings used for creating Tables. Can be overridden in DatabaseUtils.props*/
  /** string type for the create table statement. */
  protected String m_stringType = "LONGVARCHAR";
  /** integer type for the create table statement. */
  protected String m_intType = "INT";
  /** double type for the create table statement. */
  protected String m_doubleType = "DOUBLE";

  /** For databases where Tables and Columns are created in upper case. */
  protected boolean m_checkForUpperCaseNames = false;

  /** For databases where Tables and Columns are created in lower case. */
  protected boolean m_checkForLowerCaseNames = false;

  /** setAutoCommit on the database? */
  protected boolean m_setAutoCommit = true;

  /** create index on the database? */
  protected boolean m_createIndex = false;

  /** the keywords for the current database type. */
  protected HashSet<String> m_Keywords = new HashSet<String>();

  /** the character to mask SQL keywords (by appending this character). */
  protected String m_KeywordsMaskChar = "_";
 
  /**
   * Reads properties and sets up the database drivers.
   *
   * @throws Exception   if an error occurs
   */
  public DatabaseUtils() throws Exception {
    if (DRIVERS_ERRORS == null)
      DRIVERS_ERRORS = new Vector();

    try {
      PROPERTIES = Utils.readProperties(PROPERTY_FILE);

      // Register the drivers in jdbc DriverManager
      String drivers = PROPERTIES.getProperty("jdbcDriver", "jdbc.idbDriver");

      if (drivers == null) {
        throw new Exception("No database drivers (JDBC) specified");
      }
      // The call to newInstance() is necessary on some platforms
      // (with some java VM implementations)
      StringTokenizer st = new StringTokenizer(drivers, ", ");
      while (st.hasMoreTokens()) {
        String driver = st.nextToken();
        boolean result;
        try {
          Class.forName(driver);
          DRIVERS.addElement(driver);
          result = true;
        }
        catch (Exception e) {
          result = false;
        }
        if (m_Debug || (!result && !DRIVERS_ERRORS.contains(driver)))
          System.err.println(
              "Trying to add database driver (JDBC): " + driver
              + " - " + (result ? "Success!" : "Warning, not in CLASSPATH?"));
        if (!result)
          DRIVERS_ERRORS.add(driver);
      }
    } catch (Exception ex) {
      System.err.println("Problem reading properties. Fix before continuing.");
      System.err.println(ex);
    }

    m_DatabaseURL = PROPERTIES.getProperty("jdbcURL", "jdbc:idb=experiments.prp");
    m_stringType  = PROPERTIES.getProperty("CREATE_STRING", "LONGVARCHAR");
    m_intType     = PROPERTIES.getProperty("CREATE_INT", "INT");
    m_doubleType  = PROPERTIES.getProperty("CREATE_DOUBLE", "DOUBLE");
    m_checkForUpperCaseNames = PROPERTIES.getProperty(
        "checkUpperCaseNames", "false").equals("true");
    m_checkForLowerCaseNames = PROPERTIES.getProperty(
        "checkLowerCaseNames", "false").equals("true");
    m_setAutoCommit = PROPERTIES.getProperty(
      "setAutoCommit", "false").equals("true");
    m_createIndex   = PROPERTIES.getProperty(
      "createIndex", "false").equals("true");
    setKeywords(PROPERTIES.getProperty(
      "Keywords", "AND,ASC,BY,DESC,FROM,GROUP,INSERT,ORDER,SELECT,UPDATE,WHERE"));
    setKeywordsMaskChar(PROPERTIES.getProperty("KeywordsMaskChar", "_"));
  }
 
  /**
   * returns key column headings in their original case. Used for
   * those databases that create uppercase column names.
   *
   * @param columnName  the column to retrieve the original case for
   * @return    the original case
   */
  protected String attributeCaseFix(String columnName){
    if (m_checkForUpperCaseNames) {
      String ucname = columnName.toUpperCase();
      if (ucname.equals(EXP_TYPE_COL.toUpperCase())) {
  return EXP_TYPE_COL;
      } else if (ucname.equals(EXP_SETUP_COL.toUpperCase())) {
  return EXP_SETUP_COL;
      } else if (ucname.equals(EXP_RESULT_COL.toUpperCase())) {
  return EXP_RESULT_COL;
      } else {
  return columnName;
      }
    }
    else if (m_checkForLowerCaseNames) {
      String ucname = columnName.toLowerCase();
      if (ucname.equals(EXP_TYPE_COL.toLowerCase())) {
  return EXP_TYPE_COL;
      } else if (ucname.equals(EXP_SETUP_COL.toLowerCase())) {
  return EXP_SETUP_COL;
      } else if (ucname.equals(EXP_RESULT_COL.toLowerCase())) {
  return EXP_RESULT_COL;
      } else {
  return columnName;
      }
    }
    else {
      return columnName;
    }
  }
  /**
   * translates the column data type string to an integer value that indicates
   * which data type / get()-Method to use in order to retrieve values from the
   * database (see DatabaseUtils.Properties, InstanceQuery()). Blanks in the type
   * are replaced with underscores "_", since Java property names can't contain blanks.
   *
   * @param type   the column type as retrieved with
   *       java.sql.MetaData.getColumnTypeName(int)
   * @return     an integer value that indicates
   *       which data type / get()-Method to use in order to
   *       retrieve values from the
   */
  public int translateDBColumnType(String type) {
    try {
      // Oracle, e.g., has datatypes like "DOUBLE PRECISION"
      // BUT property names can't have blanks in the name (unless escaped with
      // a backslash), hence also check for names where the blanks are
      // replaced with underscores "_":
      String value = PROPERTIES.getProperty(type);
      String typeUnderscore = type.replaceAll(" ", "_");
      if (value == null)
  value = PROPERTIES.getProperty(typeUnderscore);
      return Integer.parseInt(value);
    } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException(
    "Unknown data type: " + type + ". "
    + "Add entry in " + PROPERTY_FILE + ".\n"
    + "If the type contains blanks, either escape them with a backslash "
    + "or use underscores instead of blanks.");
    }
  }

  /**
   * Converts an array of objects to a string by inserting a space
   * between each element. Null elements are printed as ?
   *
   * @param array   the array of objects
   * @return     a value of type 'String'
   */
  public static String arrayToString(Object[] array) {
    String result = "";
    if (array == null) {
      result = "<null>";
    } else {
      for (int i = 0; i < array.length; i++) {
  if (array[i] == null) {
    result += " ?";
  } else {
    result += " " + array[i];
  }
      }
    }
    return result;
  }

  /**
   * Returns the name associated with a SQL type.
   *
   * @param type   the SQL type
   * @return     the name of the type
   */
  public static String typeName(int type) {
    switch (type) {
      case Types.BIGINT :
  return "BIGINT ";
      case Types.BINARY:
  return "BINARY";
      case Types.BIT:
  return "BIT";
      case Types.CHAR:
  return "CHAR";
      case Types.DATE:
  return "DATE";
      case Types.DECIMAL:
  return "DECIMAL";
      case Types.DOUBLE:
  return "DOUBLE";
      case Types.FLOAT:
  return "FLOAT";
      case Types.INTEGER:
  return "INTEGER";
      case Types.LONGVARBINARY:
  return "LONGVARBINARY";
      case Types.LONGVARCHAR:
  return "LONGVARCHAR";
      case Types.NULL:
  return "NULL";
      case Types.NUMERIC:
  return "NUMERIC";
      case Types.OTHER:
  return "OTHER";
      case Types.REAL:
  return "REAL";
      case Types.SMALLINT:
  return "SMALLINT";
      case Types.TIME:
  return "TIME";
      case Types.TIMESTAMP:
  return "TIMESTAMP";
      case Types.TINYINT:
  return "TINYINT";
      case Types.VARBINARY:
  return "VARBINARY";
      case Types.VARCHAR:
  return "VARCHAR";
      default:
  return "Unknown";
    }
  }

  /**
   * Returns the tip text for this property.
   *
   * @return     tip text for this property suitable for
   *       displaying in the explorer/experimenter gui
   */
  public String databaseURLTipText() {
    return "Set the URL to the database.";
  }

  /**
   * Get the value of DatabaseURL.
   *
   * @return     Value of DatabaseURL.
   */
  public String getDatabaseURL() {
    return m_DatabaseURL;
  }
 
  /**
   * Set the value of DatabaseURL.
   *
   * @param newDatabaseURL   Value to assign to DatabaseURL.
   */
  public void setDatabaseURL(String newDatabaseURL) {
    m_DatabaseURL = newDatabaseURL;
  }

  /**
   * Returns the tip text for this property.
   *
   * @return     tip text for this property suitable for
   *       displaying in the explorer/experimenter gui
   */
  public String debugTipText() {
    return "Whether debug information is printed.";
  }
 
  /**
   * Sets whether there should be printed some debugging output to stderr or not.
   *
   * @param d     true if output should be printed
   */
  public void setDebug(boolean d) {
    m_Debug = d;
  }

  /**
   * Gets whether there should be printed some debugging output to stderr or not.
   *
   * @return     true if output should be printed
   */
  public boolean getDebug() {
    return m_Debug;
  }

  /**
   * Returns the tip text for this property.
   *
   * @return     tip text for this property suitable for
   *       displaying in the explorer/experimenter gui
   */
  public String usernameTipText() {
    return "The user to use for connecting to the database.";
  }

  /**
   * Set the database username.
   *
   * @param username   Username for Database.
   */
  public void setUsername(String username){
    m_userName = username;
  }
 
  /**
   * Get the database username.
   *
   * @return     Database username
   */
  public String getUsername(){
    return m_userName;
  }

  /**
   * Returns the tip text for this property.
   *
   * @return     tip text for this property suitable for
   *       displaying in the explorer/experimenter gui
   */
  public String passwordTipText() {
    return "The password to use for connecting to the database.";
  }

  /**
   * Set the database password.
   *
   * @param password   Password for Database.
   */
  public void setPassword(String password){
    m_password = password;
  }
 
  /**
   * Get the database password.
   *
   * @return      Password for Database.
   */
  public String getPassword(){
    return m_password;
  }

  /**
   * Opens a connection to the database.
   *
   * @throws Exception   if an error occurs
   */
  public void connectToDatabase() throws Exception {
    if (m_Debug) {
      System.err.println("Connecting to " + m_DatabaseURL);
    }
    if (m_Connection == null) {
      if (m_userName.equals("")) {
  try {
    m_Connection = DriverManager.getConnection(m_DatabaseURL);
  } catch (java.sql.SQLException e) {
   
    // Try loading the drivers
    for (int i = 0; i < DRIVERS.size(); i++) {
      try {
        Class.forName((String)DRIVERS.elementAt(i));
      } catch (Exception ex) {
        // Drop through
      }
    }
    m_Connection = DriverManager.getConnection(m_DatabaseURL);
  }
      } else {
  try {
    m_Connection = DriverManager.getConnection(m_DatabaseURL, m_userName,
                 m_password);
  } catch (java.sql.SQLException e) {
   
    // Try loading the drivers
    for (int i = 0; i < DRIVERS.size(); i++) {
      try {
        Class.forName((String)DRIVERS.elementAt(i));
      } catch (Exception ex) {
        // Drop through
      }
    }
    m_Connection = DriverManager.getConnection(m_DatabaseURL, m_userName,
                 m_password);
  }
      }
    }
    m_Connection.setAutoCommit(m_setAutoCommit);
  }

  /**
   * Closes the connection to the database.
   *
   * @throws Exception   if an error occurs
   */
  public void disconnectFromDatabase() throws Exception {
    if (m_Debug) {
      System.err.println("Disconnecting from " + m_DatabaseURL);
    }
    if (m_Connection != null) {
      m_Connection.close();
      m_Connection = null;
    }
  }
 
  /**
   * Returns true if a database connection is active.
   *
   * @return     a value of type 'boolean'
   */
  public boolean isConnected() {
    return (m_Connection != null);
  }

  /**
   * Returns whether the cursors only support forward movement or are
   * scroll sensitive (with ResultSet.CONCUR_READ_ONLY concurrency).
   * Returns always false if not connected
   *
   * @return    true if connected and the cursor is scroll-sensitive
   * @see    ResultSet#TYPE_SCROLL_SENSITIVE
   * @see    ResultSet#TYPE_FORWARD_ONLY
   * @see    ResultSet#CONCUR_READ_ONLY
   */
  public boolean isCursorScrollSensitive() {
    boolean  result;
   
    result = false;
   
    try {
      if (isConnected())
  result = m_Connection.getMetaData().supportsResultSetConcurrency(
          ResultSet.TYPE_SCROLL_SENSITIVE,
          ResultSet.CONCUR_READ_ONLY);
    }
    catch (Exception e) {
      // ignored
    }
   
    return result;
  }
 
  /**
   * Checks whether cursors are scrollable in general, false otherwise
   * (also if not connected).
   *
   * @return    true if scrollable and connected
   * @see    #getSupportedCursorScrollType()
   */
  public boolean isCursorScrollable() {
    return (getSupportedCursorScrollType() != -1);
  }
 
  /**
   * Returns the type of scrolling that the cursor supports, -1 if not
   * supported or not connected. Checks first for TYPE_SCROLL_SENSITIVE
   * and then for TYPE_SCROLL_INSENSITIVE. In both cases CONCUR_READ_ONLY
   * as concurrency is used.
   *
   * @return    the scroll type, or -1 if not connected or no scrolling supported
   * @see    ResultSet#TYPE_SCROLL_SENSITIVE
   * @see    ResultSet#TYPE_SCROLL_INSENSITIVE
   */
  public int getSupportedCursorScrollType() {
    int    result;
   
    result = -1;
   
    try {
      if (isConnected()) {
  if (m_Connection.getMetaData().supportsResultSetConcurrency(
          ResultSet.TYPE_SCROLL_SENSITIVE,
          ResultSet.CONCUR_READ_ONLY))
    result = ResultSet.TYPE_SCROLL_SENSITIVE;
 
  if (result == -1) {
    if (m_Connection.getMetaData().supportsResultSetConcurrency(
            ResultSet.TYPE_SCROLL_INSENSITIVE,
            ResultSet.CONCUR_READ_ONLY))
      result = ResultSet.TYPE_SCROLL_INSENSITIVE;
  }
      }
    }
    catch (Exception e) {
      // ignored
    }
   
    return result;
  }

  /**
   * Executes a SQL query. Caller must clean up manually with
   * <code>close()</code>.
   *
   * @param query   the SQL query
   * @return     true if the query generated results
   * @throws SQLException if an error occurs
   * @see #close()
   */
  public boolean execute(String query) throws SQLException {
    if (!isConnected())
      throw new IllegalStateException("Not connected, please connect first!");
   
    if (!isCursorScrollable())
      m_PreparedStatement = m_Connection.prepareStatement(
    query, ResultSet.TYPE_FORWARD_ONLY, ResultSet.CONCUR_READ_ONLY);
    else
      m_PreparedStatement = m_Connection.prepareStatement(
    query, getSupportedCursorScrollType(), ResultSet.CONCUR_READ_ONLY);
   
    return(m_PreparedStatement.execute());
  }

  /**
   * Gets the results generated by a previous query. Caller must clean up
   * manually with <code>close(ResultSet)</code>. Returns null if object has
   * been deserialized.
   *
   * @return     the result set.
   * @throws SQLException if an error occurs
   * @see #close(ResultSet)
   */
  public ResultSet getResultSet() throws SQLException {
    if (m_PreparedStatement != null)
      return m_PreparedStatement.getResultSet();
    else
      return null;
  }

  /**
   * Executes a SQL DDL query or an INSERT, DELETE or UPDATE.
   *
   * @param query   the SQL DDL query
   * @return     the number of affected rows
   * @throws SQLException if an error occurs
   */
  public int update(String query) throws SQLException {
    if (!isConnected())
      throw new IllegalStateException("Not connected, please connect first!");
   
    Statement statement;
    if (!isCursorScrollable())
      statement = m_Connection.createStatement(
    ResultSet.TYPE_FORWARD_ONLY, ResultSet.CONCUR_READ_ONLY);
    else
      statement = m_Connection.createStatement(
    getSupportedCursorScrollType(), ResultSet.CONCUR_READ_ONLY);
    int result = statement.executeUpdate(query);
    statement.close();
   
    return result;
  }

  /**
   * Executes a SQL SELECT query that returns a ResultSet. Note: the ResultSet
   * object must be closed by the caller.
   *
   * @param query   the SQL query
   * @return     the generated ResultSet
   * @throws SQLException if an error occurs
   */
  public ResultSet select(String query) throws SQLException {
    if (!isConnected())
      throw new IllegalStateException("Not connected, please connect first!");
   
    Statement statement;
    if (!isCursorScrollable())
      statement = m_Connection.createStatement(
    ResultSet.TYPE_FORWARD_ONLY, ResultSet.CONCUR_READ_ONLY);
    else
      statement = m_Connection.createStatement(
    getSupportedCursorScrollType(), ResultSet.CONCUR_READ_ONLY);
    ResultSet result = statement.executeQuery(query);
   
    return result;
  }

  /**
   * closes the ResultSet and the statement that generated the ResultSet to
   * avoid memory leaks in JDBC drivers - in contrast to the JDBC specs, a lot
   * of JDBC drives don't clean up correctly.
   *
   * @param rs    the ResultSet to clean up
   */
  public void close(ResultSet rs) {
    try {
      Statement statement = rs.getStatement();
      rs.close();
      statement.close();
      statement = null;
      rs = null;
    }
    catch (Exception e) {
      // ignored
    }
  }
 
  /**
   * closes the m_PreparedStatement to avoid memory leaks.
   */
  public void close() {
    if (m_PreparedStatement != null) {
      try {
  m_PreparedStatement.close();
  m_PreparedStatement = null;
      }
      catch (Exception e) {
  // ignored
      }
    }
  }
 
  /**
   * Checks that a given table exists.
   *
   * @param tableName   the name of the table to look for.
   * @return     true if the table exists.
   * @throws Exception   if an error occurs.
   */
  public boolean tableExists(String tableName) throws Exception {
    if (!isConnected())
      throw new IllegalStateException("Not connected, please connect first!");
   
    if (m_Debug) {
      System.err.println("Checking if table " + tableName + " exists...");
    }
    DatabaseMetaData dbmd = m_Connection.getMetaData();
    ResultSet rs;
    if (m_checkForUpperCaseNames) {
      rs = dbmd.getTables (null, null, tableName.toUpperCase(), null);
    } else if (m_checkForLowerCaseNames) {
      rs = dbmd.getTables (null, null, tableName.toLowerCase(), null);
    } else {
      rs = dbmd.getTables (null, null, tableName, null);
    }
    boolean tableExists = rs.next();
    if (rs.next()) {
      throw new Exception("This table seems to exist more than once!");
    }
    rs.close();
    if (m_Debug) {
      if (tableExists) {
  System.err.println("... " + tableName + " exists");
      } else {
  System.err.println("... " + tableName + " does not exist");
      }
    }
    return tableExists;
  }

  /**
   * processes the string in such a way that it can be stored in the
   * database, i.e., it changes backslashes into slashes and doubles single
   * quotes.
   *
   * @param s    the string to work on
   * @return    the processed string
   */
  public static String processKeyString(String s) {
    return s.replaceAll("\\\\", "/").replaceAll("'", "''");
  }
 
  /**
   * Executes a database query to see whether a result for the supplied key
   * is already in the database.          
   *
   * @param tableName   the name of the table to search for the key in
   * @param rp     the ResultProducer who will generate the result if
   *       required
   * @param key   the key for the result
   * @return     true if the result with that key is in the database
   *       already
   * @throws Exception   if an error occurs
   */
  protected boolean isKeyInTable(String tableName,
         ResultProducer rp,
         Object[] key)
    throws Exception {

    String query = "SELECT Key_Run"
      + " FROM " + tableName;
    String [] keyNames = rp.getKeyNames();
    if (keyNames.length != key.length) {
      throw new Exception("Key names and key values of different lengths");
    }
    boolean first = true;
    for (int i = 0; i < key.length; i++) {
      if (key[i] != null) {
  if (first) {
    query += " WHERE ";
    first = false;
  } else {
    query += " AND ";
  }
  query += "Key_" + keyNames[i] + '=';
  if (key[i] instanceof String) {
    query += "'" + processKeyString(key[i].toString()) + "'";
  } else {
    query += key[i].toString();
  }
      }
    }
    boolean retval = false;
    ResultSet rs = select(query);
    if (rs.next()) {
      retval = true;
      if (rs.next()) {
  throw new Exception("More than one result entry "
      + "for result key: " + query);
      }
    }
    close(rs);
    return retval;
  }

  /**
   * Executes a database query to extract a result for the supplied key
   * from the database.          
   *
   * @param tableName   the name of the table where the result is stored
   * @param rp     the ResultProducer who will generate the result if
   *       required
   * @param key   the key for the result
   * @return     true if the result with that key is in the database
   *       already
   * @throws Exception   if an error occurs
   */
  public Object[] getResultFromTable(String tableName,
           ResultProducer rp,
           Object [] key)
    throws Exception {

    String query = "SELECT ";
    String [] resultNames = rp.getResultNames();
    for (int i = 0; i < resultNames.length; i++) {
      if (i != 0) {
  query += ", ";
      }
      query += resultNames[i];
    }
    query += " FROM " + tableName;
    String [] keyNames = rp.getKeyNames();
    if (keyNames.length != key.length) {
      throw new Exception("Key names and key values of different lengths");
    }
    boolean first = true;
    for (int i = 0; i < key.length; i++) {
      if (key[i] != null) {
  if (first) {
    query += " WHERE ";
    first = false;
  } else {
    query += " AND ";
  }
  query += "Key_" + keyNames[i] + '=';
  if (key[i] instanceof String) {
    query += "'" + processKeyString(key[i].toString()) + "'";
  } else {
    query += key[i].toString();
  }
      }
    }
    ResultSet rs = select(query);
    ResultSetMetaData md = rs.getMetaData();
    int numAttributes = md.getColumnCount();
    if (!rs.next()) {
      throw new Exception("No result for query: " + query);
    }
    // Extract the columns for the result
    Object [] result = new Object [numAttributes];
    for(int i = 1; i <= numAttributes; i++) {
      switch (translateDBColumnType(md.getColumnTypeName(i))) {
  case STRING :
    result[i - 1] = rs.getString(i);
    if (rs.wasNull()) {
      result[i - 1] = null;
    }
    break;
  case FLOAT:
  case DOUBLE:
    result[i - 1] = new Double(rs.getDouble(i));
    if (rs.wasNull()) {
      result[i - 1] = null;
    }
    break;
  default:
    throw new Exception("Unhandled SQL result type (field " + (i + 1)
        + "): "
        + DatabaseUtils.typeName(md.getColumnType(i)));
      }
    }
    if (rs.next()) {
      throw new Exception("More than one result entry "
        + "for result key: " + query);
    }
    close(rs);
    return result;
  }

  /**
   * Executes a database query to insert a result for the supplied key
   * into the database.          
   *
   * @param tableName   the name of the table where the result is stored
   * @param rp     the ResultProducer who will generate the result if
   *       required
   * @param key   the key for the result
   * @param result   the result to store
   * @throws Exception   if an error occurs
   */
  public void putResultInTable(String tableName,
             ResultProducer rp,
             Object [] key,
             Object [] result)
    throws Exception {
   
    String query = "INSERT INTO " + tableName
      + " VALUES ( ";
    // Add the results to the table
    for (int i = 0; i < key.length; i++) {
      if (i != 0) {
  query += ',';
      }
      if (key[i] != null) {
  if (key[i] instanceof String) {
    query += "'" + processKeyString(key[i].toString()) + "'";
  } else if (key[i] instanceof Double) {
    query += safeDoubleToString((Double)key[i]);
  } else {
    query += key[i].toString();
  }
      } else {
  query += "NULL";
      }
    }
    for (int i = 0; i < result.length; i++) {
      query +=  ',';
      if (result[i] != null) {
  if (result[i] instanceof String) {
    query += "'" + result[i].toString() + "'";
  } else  if (result[i] instanceof Double) {
    query += safeDoubleToString((Double)result[i]);
  } else {
    query += result[i].toString();
    //!!
    //System.err.println("res: "+ result[i].toString());
  }
      } else {
  query += "NULL";
      }
    }
    query += ')';
   
    if (m_Debug) {
      System.err.println("Submitting result: " + query);
    }
    update(query);
    close();
  }
 
  /**
   * Inserts a + if the double is in scientific notation.
   * MySQL doesn't understand the number otherwise.
   *
   * @param number  the number to convert
   * @return    the number as string
   */
  private String safeDoubleToString(Double number) {
    // NaN is treated as NULL
    if (number.isNaN())
      return "NULL";

    String orig = number.toString();

    int pos = orig.indexOf('E');
    if ((pos == -1) || (orig.charAt(pos + 1) == '-')) {
      return orig;
    } else {
      StringBuffer buff = new StringBuffer(orig);
      buff.insert(pos + 1, '+');
      return new String(buff);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Returns true if the experiment index exists.
   *
   * @return     true if the index exists
   * @throws Exception   if an error occurs
   */
  public boolean experimentIndexExists() throws Exception {
    return tableExists(EXP_INDEX_TABLE);
  }
 
  /**
   * Attempts to create the experiment index table.
   *
   * @throws Exception   if an error occurs.
   */
  public void createExperimentIndex() throws Exception {
    if (m_Debug) {
      System.err.println("Creating experiment index table...");
    }
    String query;

    // Workaround for MySQL (doesn't support LONGVARBINARY)
    // Also for InstantDB which attempts to interpret numbers when storing
    // in LONGVARBINARY
    /* if (m_Connection.getMetaData().getDriverName().
  equals("Mark Matthews' MySQL Driver")
  || (m_Connection.getMetaData().getDriverName().
  indexOf("InstantDB JDBC Driver") != -1)) {
      query = "CREATE TABLE " + EXP_INDEX_TABLE
  + " ( " + EXP_TYPE_COL + " TEXT,"
  + "  " + EXP_SETUP_COL + " TEXT,"
  + "  " + EXP_RESULT_COL + " INT )";
  } else { */
   
      query = "CREATE TABLE " + EXP_INDEX_TABLE
  + " ( " + EXP_TYPE_COL + " "+ m_stringType+","
  + "  " + EXP_SETUP_COL + " "+ m_stringType+","
  + "  " + EXP_RESULT_COL + " "+ m_intType+" )";
      // }
    // Other possible fields:
    //   creator user name (from System properties)
    //   creation date
    update(query);
    close();
  }

  /**
   * Attempts to insert a results entry for the table into the
   * experiment index.
   *
   * @param rp     the ResultProducer generating the results
   * @return     the name of the created results table
   * @throws Exception   if an error occurs.
   */
  public String createExperimentIndexEntry(ResultProducer rp)
    throws Exception {

    if (m_Debug) {
      System.err.println("Creating experiment index entry...");
    }

    // Execute compound transaction
    int numRows = 0;
   
    // Workaround for MySQL (doesn't support transactions)
    /*  if (m_Connection.getMetaData().getDriverName().
  equals("Mark Matthews' MySQL Driver")) {
      m_Statement.execute("LOCK TABLES " + EXP_INDEX_TABLE + " WRITE");
      System.err.println("LOCKING TABLE");
      } else {*/
     
      //}

    // Get the number of rows
    String query = "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM " + EXP_INDEX_TABLE;
    ResultSet rs = select(query);
    if (m_Debug) {
      System.err.println("...getting number of rows");
    }
    if (rs.next()) {
      numRows = rs.getInt(1);
    }
    close(rs);

    // Add an entry in the index table
    String expType = rp.getClass().getName();
    String expParams = rp.getCompatibilityState();
    query = "INSERT INTO " + EXP_INDEX_TABLE
      +" VALUES ('"
      + expType + "', '" + expParams
      + "', " + numRows + " )";
    if (update(query) > 0) {
      if (m_Debug) {
  System.err.println("...create returned resultset");
      }
    }
    close();
   
    // Finished compound transaction
    // Workaround for MySQL (doesn't support transactions)
    /* if (m_Connection.getMetaData().getDriverName().
  equals("Mark Matthews' MySQL Driver")) {
      m_Statement.execute("UNLOCK TABLES");
      System.err.println("UNLOCKING TABLE");
      } else { */
    if (!m_setAutoCommit) {
      m_Connection.commit();
      m_Connection.setAutoCommit(true);
    }
      //}

    String tableName = getResultsTableName(rp);
    if (tableName == null) {
      throw new Exception("Problem adding experiment index entry");
    }

    // Drop any existing table by that name (shouldn't occur unless
    // the experiment index is destroyed, in which case the experimental
    // conditions of the existing table are unknown)
    try {
      query = "DROP TABLE " + tableName;
      if (m_Debug) {
  System.err.println(query);
      }
      update(query);
    } catch (SQLException ex) {
      System.err.println(ex.getMessage());
    }
    return tableName;
  }

  /**
   * Gets the name of the experiment table that stores results from a
   * particular ResultProducer.
   *
   * @param rp     the ResultProducer
   * @return     the name of the table where the results for this
   *       ResultProducer are stored, or null if there is no
   *       table for this ResultProducer.
   * @throws Exception   if an error occurs
   */
  public String getResultsTableName(ResultProducer rp) throws Exception {
    // Get the experiment table name, or create a new table if necessary.
    if (m_Debug) {
      System.err.println("Getting results table name...");
    }
    String expType = rp.getClass().getName();
    String expParams = rp.getCompatibilityState();
    String query = "SELECT " + EXP_RESULT_COL
      + " FROM " + EXP_INDEX_TABLE
       + " WHERE " + EXP_TYPE_COL + "='" + expType
      + "' AND " + EXP_SETUP_COL + "='" + expParams + "'";
    String tableName = null;
    ResultSet rs = select(query);
    if (rs.next()) {
      tableName = rs.getString(1);
      if (rs.next()) {
  throw new Exception("More than one index entry "
      + "for experiment config: " + query);
      }
    }
    close(rs);
    if (m_Debug) {
      System.err.println("...results table = " + ((tableName == null)
              ? "<null>"
              : EXP_RESULT_PREFIX
              + tableName));
    }
    return (tableName == null) ? tableName : EXP_RESULT_PREFIX + tableName;
  }

  /**
   * Creates a results table for the supplied result producer.
   *
   * @param rp     the ResultProducer generating the results
   * @param tableName   the name of the resultsTable
   * @return     the name of the created results table
   * @throws Exception   if an error occurs.
   */
  public String createResultsTable(ResultProducer rp, String tableName)
    throws Exception {

    if (m_Debug) {
      System.err.println("Creating results table " + tableName + "...");
    }
    String query = "CREATE TABLE " + tableName + " ( ";
    // Loop over the key fields
    String [] names = rp.getKeyNames();
    Object [] types = rp.getKeyTypes();
    if (names.length != types.length) {
      throw new Exception("key names types differ in length");
    }
    for (int i = 0; i < names.length; i++) {
      query += "Key_" + names[i] + " ";
      if (types[i] instanceof Double) {
  query += m_doubleType;
      } else if (types[i] instanceof String) {

  // Workaround for MySQL (doesn't support LONGVARCHAR)
  // Also for InstantDB which attempts to interpret numbers when storing
  // in LONGVARBINARY
  /*if (m_Connection.getMetaData().getDriverName().
      equals("Mark Matthews' MySQL Driver")
      || (m_Connection.getMetaData().getDriverName().
    indexOf("InstantDB JDBC Driver")) != -1) {
    query += "TEXT ";
    } else { */
  //query += "LONGVARCHAR ";
    query += m_stringType+" ";
    //}
      } else {
  throw new Exception("Unknown/unsupported field type in key");
      }
      query += ", ";
    }
    // Loop over the result fields
    names = rp.getResultNames();
    types = rp.getResultTypes();
    if (names.length != types.length) {
      throw new Exception("result names and types differ in length");
    }
    for (int i = 0; i < names.length; i++) {
      query += names[i] + " ";
      if (types[i] instanceof Double) {
  query += m_doubleType;
      } else if (types[i] instanceof String) {
 
  // Workaround for MySQL (doesn't support LONGVARCHAR)
  // Also for InstantDB which attempts to interpret numbers when storing
  // in LONGVARBINARY
  /*if (m_Connection.getMetaData().getDriverName().
      equals("Mark Matthews' MySQL Driver")
      || (m_Connection.getMetaData().getDriverName().
    equals("InstantDB JDBC Driver"))) {
    query += "TEXT ";
    } else {*/
  //query += "LONGVARCHAR ";
  query += m_stringType+" ";
    //}
      } else {
  throw new Exception("Unknown/unsupported field type in key");
      }
      if (i < names.length - 1) {
  query += ", ";
      }
    }
    query += " )";
   
    update(query);
    if (m_Debug)
      System.err.println("table created");
    close();


    if (m_createIndex) {
      query = "CREATE UNIQUE INDEX Key_IDX ON "+ tableName +" (";

      String [] keyNames = rp.getKeyNames();
   
      boolean first = true;
      for (int i = 0; i < keyNames.length; i++) {
  if (keyNames[i] != null) {
    if (first) {
      first = false;
      query += "Key_" + keyNames[i];
    } else {
      query += ",Key_" + keyNames[i];
    }
  }
      }
      query += ")";
   
      update(query);
    }
    return tableName;
  }
 
  /**
   * Sets the keywords (comma-separated list) to use.
   *
   * @param value  the list of keywords
   */
  public void setKeywords(String value) {
    String[]   keywords;
    int    i;
   
    m_Keywords.clear();
   
    keywords = value.replaceAll(" ", "").split(",");
    for (i = 0; i < keywords.length; i++)
      m_Keywords.add(keywords[i].toUpperCase());
  }
 
  /**
   * Returns the currently stored keywords (as comma-separated list).
   *
   * @return    the list of keywords
   */
  public String getKeywords() {
    String    result;
    Vector<String>  list;
    int      i;
   
    list = new Vector<String>(m_Keywords);
    Collections.sort(list);
   
    result = "";
    for (i = 0; i < list.size(); i++) {
      if (i > 0)
  result += ",";
      result += list.get(i);
    }
   
    return result;
  }
 
  /**
   * Sets the mask character to append to table or attribute names that
   * are a reserved keyword.
   *
   * @param value  the new character
   */
  public void setKeywordsMaskChar(String value) {
    m_KeywordsMaskChar = value;
  }
 
  /**
   * Returns the currently set mask character.
   *
   * @return    the character
   */
  public String getKeywordsMaskChar() {
    return m_KeywordsMaskChar;
  }
 
  /**
   * Checks whether the given string is a reserved keyword.
   *
   * @param s    the string to check
   * @return    true if the string is a keyword
   * @see    #m_Keywords
   */
  public boolean isKeyword(String s) {
    return m_Keywords.contains(s.toUpperCase());
  }
 
  /**
   * If the given string is a keyword, then the mask character will be
   * appended and returned. Otherwise, the same string will be returned
   * unchanged.
   *
   * @param s    the string to check
   * @return    the potentially masked string
   * @see    #m_KeywordsMaskChar
   * @see    #isKeyword(String)
   */
  public String maskKeyword(String s) {
    if (isKeyword(s))
      return s + m_KeywordsMaskChar;
    else
      return s;
  }
 
  /**
   * Returns the revision string.
   *
   * @return    the revision
   */
  public String getRevision() {
    return RevisionUtils.extract("$Revision: 6615 $");
  }
}
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