Package org.apache.manifoldcf.core.interfaces

Source Code of org.apache.manifoldcf.core.interfaces.Configuration

/* $Id: Configuration.java 988245 2010-08-23 18:39:35Z kwright $ */

/**
* Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
* contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with
* this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
* The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
* (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
* the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/
package org.apache.manifoldcf.core.interfaces;

import org.apache.manifoldcf.core.interfaces.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.io.*;
import org.apache.manifoldcf.core.system.ManifoldCF;
import org.apache.manifoldcf.core.common.XMLDoc;
import org.json.*;

/** This class represents XML configuration information, in its most basic incarnation.
*/
public class Configuration implements IHierarchyParent
{
  public static final String _rcsid = "@(#)$Id: Configuration.java 988245 2010-08-23 18:39:35Z kwright $";

  // JSON special key values
 
  protected static final String JSON_ATTRIBUTE = "_attribute_";
  protected static final String JSON_VALUE = "_value_";
  protected static final String JSON_CHILDREN = "_children_";
  protected static final String JSON_TYPE = "_type_";
 
  // The root node type
  protected String rootNodeLabel;
  // The children
  protected List<ConfigurationNode> children = new ArrayList<ConfigurationNode>();
  // Read-only flag
  protected boolean readOnly = false;

  /** Constructor.
  */
  public Configuration()
  {
    rootNodeLabel = "data";
  }

  /** Constructor.
  *@param rootNodeLabel is the root node label to use.
  */
  public Configuration(String rootNodeLabel)
  {
    this.rootNodeLabel = rootNodeLabel;
  }

  /** Create a new object of the appropriate class.
  *@return the newly-created configuration object.
  */
  protected Configuration createNew()
  {
    return new Configuration();
  }
 
  /** Create a new child node of the appropriate type and class.
  *@return the newly-created node.
  */
  protected ConfigurationNode createNewNode(String type)
  {
    return new ConfigurationNode(type);
  }
 
  /** Note the removal of all outer nodes.
  */
  protected void clearOuterNodes()
  {
  }
 
  /** Note the addition of a new outer node.
  *@param node is the node that was just read.
  */
  protected void addOuterNode(ConfigurationNode node)
  {
  }
 
  /** Note the removal of an outer node.
  *@param node is the node that was just removed.
  */
  protected void removeOuterNode(ConfigurationNode node)
  {
  }
 
  /** Create a duplicate.
  */
  protected Configuration createDuplicate(boolean readOnly)
  {
    if (readOnly && this.readOnly)
      return this;
    // Create a new object.
    Configuration rval = createNew();
    rval.readOnly = readOnly;
    // Copy the children.
    if (children != null)
    {
      int i = 0;
      while (i < children.size())
      {
        ConfigurationNode child = children.get(i++);
        // Duplicate the child
        ConfigurationNode newChild = child.createDuplicate(readOnly);
        rval.addChild(rval.getChildCount(),newChild);
      }
    }
    return rval;
  }
 
  /** Make the configuration read-only */
  public void makeReadOnly()
  {
    if (readOnly)
      return;
    if (children != null)
    {
      int i = 0;
      while (i < children.size())
      {
        ConfigurationNode child = children.get(i++);
        child.makeReadOnly();
      }
    }
    readOnly = true;
  }

  /** Get as XML
  *@return the xml corresponding to these Configuration.
  */
  public String toXML()
    throws ManifoldCFException
  {
    XMLDoc doc = new XMLDoc();
    // name of root node in definition
    Object top = doc.createElement(null,rootNodeLabel);
    // Now, go through all children
    int i = 0;
    while (i < children.size())
    {
      ConfigurationNode node = children.get(i++);
      writeNode(doc,top,node);
    }

    return doc.getXML();
  }

  /** Get as JSON.
  *@return the json corresponding to this Configuration.
  */
  public String toJSON()
    throws ManifoldCFException
  {
    try
    {
      JSONWriter writer = new JSONStringer();
      writer.object();
      // We do NOT use the root node label, unlike XML.
     
      // Now, do children.  To get the arrays right, we need to glue together all children with the
      // same type, which requires us to do an appropriate pass to gather that stuff together.
      // Since we also need to maintain order, it is essential that we detect the out-of-order condition
      // properly, and use an alternate representation if we should find it.
      Map<String,List<ConfigurationNode>> childMap = new HashMap<String,List<ConfigurationNode>>();
      List<String> childList = new ArrayList<String>();
      String lastChildType = null;
      boolean needAlternate = false;
      int i = 0;
      while (i < getChildCount())
      {
        ConfigurationNode child = findChild(i++);
        String key = child.getType();
        List<ConfigurationNode> list = childMap.get(key);
        if (list == null)
        {
          list = new ArrayList<ConfigurationNode>();
          childMap.put(key,list);
          childList.add(key);
        }
        else
        {
          if (!lastChildType.equals(key))
          {
            needAlternate = true;
            break;
          }
        }
        list.add(child);
        lastChildType = key;
      }
       
      if (needAlternate)
      {
        // Can't use the array representation.  We'll need to start do a _children_ object, and enumerate
        // each child.  So, the JSON will look like:
        // <key>:{_attribute_<attr>:xxx,_children_:[{_type_:<child_key>, ...},{_type_:<child_key_2>, ...}, ...]}
        writer.key(JSON_CHILDREN);
        writer.array();
        i = 0;
        while (i < getChildCount())
        {
          ConfigurationNode child = findChild(i++);
          writeNode(writer,child,false,true);
        }
        writer.endArray();
      }
      else
      {
        // We can collapse child nodes to arrays and still maintain order.
        // The JSON will look like this:
        // <key>:{_attribute_<attr>:xxx,<child_key>:[stuff],<child_key_2>:[more_stuff] ...}
        int q = 0;
        while (q < childList.size())
        {
          String key = childList.get(q++);
          List<ConfigurationNode> list = childMap.get(key);
          if (list.size() > 1)
          {
            // Write the key
            writer.key(key);
            // Write it as an array
            writer.array();
            i = 0;
            while (i < list.size())
            {
              ConfigurationNode child = list.get(i++);
              writeNode(writer,child,false,false);
            }
            writer.endArray();
          }
          else
          {
            // Write it as a singleton
            writeNode(writer,list.get(0),true,false);
          }
        }
      }
      writer.endObject();

      // Convert to a string.
      return writer.toString();
    }
    catch (JSONException e)
    {
      throw new ManifoldCFException(e.getMessage(),e);
    }
  }
 
  /** Write a specification node.
  *@param doc is the document.
  *@param parent is the parent.
  *@param node is the node.
  */
  protected static void writeNode(XMLDoc doc, Object parent, ConfigurationNode node)
    throws ManifoldCFException
  {
    // Get the type
    String type = node.getType();
    String value = node.getValue();
    Object o = doc.createElement(parent,type);
    Iterator iter = node.getAttributes();
    while (iter.hasNext())
    {
      String attribute = (String)iter.next();
      String attrValue = node.getAttributeValue(attribute);
      // Add to the element
      doc.setAttribute(o,attribute,attrValue);
    }

    if (value != null)
      doc.createText(o,value);
    // Now, do children
    int i = 0;
    while (i < node.getChildCount())
    {
      ConfigurationNode child = node.findChild(i++);
      writeNode(doc,o,child);
    }
  }

 
  /** Write a JSON specification node.
  *@param writer is the JSON writer.
  *@param node is the node.
  *@param writeKey is true if the key needs to be written, false otherwise.
  */
  protected static void writeNode(JSONWriter writer, ConfigurationNode node, boolean writeKey, boolean writeSpecialKey)
    throws ManifoldCFException
  {
    try
    {
      // Node types correspond directly to keys.  Attributes correspond to "_attribute_<attribute_name>".
      // Get the type
      if (writeKey)
      {
        String type = node.getType();
        writer.key(type);
      }
      else if (writeSpecialKey)
      {
        writer.object();
        writer.key(JSON_TYPE);
        writer.value(node.getType());
      }
     
      // Problem: Two ways of handling a naked 'value'.  First way is to NOT presume a nested object is needed.  Second way is to require a nested
      // object.  On reconstruction, the right thing will happen, and a naked value will become a node with a value, while an object will become
      // a node that has an optional "_value_" key inside it.
      String value = node.getValue();
      if (value != null && node.getAttributeCount() == 0 && node.getChildCount() == 0)
      {
        writer.value(value);
      }
      else
      {
        if (!writeSpecialKey)
          writer.object();
       
        if (value != null)
        {
          writer.key(JSON_VALUE);
          writer.value(value);
        }
       
        Iterator<String> iter = node.getAttributes();
        while (iter.hasNext())
        {
          String attribute = iter.next();
          String attrValue = node.getAttributeValue(attribute);
          writer.key(JSON_ATTRIBUTE+attribute);
          writer.value(attrValue);
        }

        // Now, do children.  To get the arrays right, we need to glue together all children with the
        // same type, which requires us to do an appropriate pass to gather that stuff together.
  // Since we also need to maintain order, it is essential that we detect the out-of-order condition
  // properly, and use an alternate representation if we should find it.
        Map<String,List<ConfigurationNode>> childMap = new HashMap<String,List<ConfigurationNode>>();
  List<String> childList = new ArrayList<String>();
  String lastChildType = null;
        boolean needAlternate = false;
        int i = 0;
        while (i < node.getChildCount())
        {
          ConfigurationNode child = node.findChild(i++);
          String key = child.getType();
          List<ConfigurationNode> list = childMap.get(key);
          if (list == null)
          {
            list = new ArrayList<ConfigurationNode>();
            childMap.put(key,list);
            childList.add(key);
          }
    else
          {
            if (!lastChildType.equals(key))
            {
              needAlternate = true;
              break;
            }
          }
          list.add(child);
          lastChildType = key;
        }
       
        if (needAlternate)
        {
          // Can't use the array representation.  We'll need to start do a _children_ object, and enumerate
          // each child.  So, the JSON will look like:
          // <key>:{_attribute_<attr>:xxx,_children_:[{_type_:<child_key>, ...},{_type_:<child_key_2>, ...}, ...]}
          writer.key(JSON_CHILDREN);
          writer.array();
          i = 0;
          while (i < node.getChildCount())
          {
            ConfigurationNode child = node.findChild(i++);
            writeNode(writer,child,false,true);
          }
          writer.endArray();
        }
        else
        {
          // We can collapse child nodes to arrays and still maintain order.
          // The JSON will look like this:
          // <key>:{_attribute_<attr>:xxx,<child_key>:[stuff],<child_key_2>:[more_stuff] ...}
          int q = 0;
          while (q < childList.size())
          {
            String key = childList.get(q++);
            List<ConfigurationNode> list = childMap.get(key);
            if (list.size() > 1)
            {
              // Write the key
              writer.key(key);
              // Write it as an array
              writer.array();
              i = 0;
              while (i < list.size())
              {
                ConfigurationNode child = list.get(i++);
                writeNode(writer,child,false,false);
              }
              writer.endArray();
            }
            else
            {
              // Write it as a singleton
              writeNode(writer,list.get(0),true,false);
            }
          }
        }
        if (!writeSpecialKey)
          writer.endObject();
      }
      if (writeSpecialKey)
        writer.endObject();
    }
    catch (JSONException e)
    {
      throw new ManifoldCFException(e.getMessage(),e);
    }
  }
 
  /** Read from XML.
  *@param xml is the input XML.
  */
  public void fromXML(String xml)
    throws ManifoldCFException
  {
    XMLDoc doc = new XMLDoc(xml);
    initializeFromDoc(doc);
  }
 
  /** Read from JSON.
  *@param json is the input JSON.
  */
  public void fromJSON(String json)
    throws ManifoldCFException
  {
    if (readOnly)
      throw new IllegalStateException("Attempt to change read-only object");

    clearChildren();
    try
    {
      JSONObject object = new JSONObject(json);
      // Convert the object into our configuration
      Iterator iter = object.keys();
      while (iter.hasNext())
      {
        String key = (String)iter.next();
        Object x = object.opt(key);
        if (x instanceof JSONArray)
        {
          // Iterate through.
          JSONArray array = (JSONArray)x;
          int i = 0;
          while (i < array.length())
          {
            x = array.opt(i++);
            processObject(key,x);
          }
        }
        else
          processObject(key,x);
      }
    }
    catch (JSONException e)
    {
      throw new ManifoldCFException("Json syntax error - "+e.getMessage(),e);
    }
  }
 
  /** Process a JSON object */
  protected void processObject(String key, Object x)
    throws ManifoldCFException
  {
    if (x instanceof JSONObject)
    {
      // Nested single object
      ConfigurationNode cn = readNode(key,(JSONObject)x);
      addChild(getChildCount(),cn);
    }
    else if (x == JSONObject.NULL)
    {
      // Null object.  Don't enter the key.
    }
    else if (key.equals(JSON_CHILDREN))
    {
      // Children, as a list of separately enumerated child nodes.
      if (!(x instanceof JSONArray))
        throw new ManifoldCFException("Expected array contents for '"+JSON_CHILDREN+"' node");
      JSONArray array = (JSONArray)x;
      int i = 0;
      while (i < array.length())
      {
        Object z = array.opt(i++);
        if (!(z instanceof JSONObject))
          throw new ManifoldCFException("Expected object as array member");
        ConfigurationNode nestedCn = readNode((String)null,(JSONObject)z);
        addChild(getChildCount(),nestedCn);
      }
    }
    else
    {
      // It's a string or a number or some scalar value
      String value = x.toString();
      ConfigurationNode cn = createNewNode(key);
      cn.setValue(value);
      addChild(getChildCount(),cn);
    }
  }
 
  /** Read a node from a json object */
  protected ConfigurationNode readNode(String key, JSONObject object)
    throws ManifoldCFException
  {
    // Override key if type field is found.
    if (object.has(JSON_TYPE))
    {
      try
      {
        key = object.getString(JSON_TYPE);
      }
      catch (JSONException e)
      {
        throw new ManifoldCFException("Exception decoding JSON: "+e.getMessage());
      }
    }
    if (key == null)
      throw new ManifoldCFException("No type found for node");
    Iterator iter;
    ConfigurationNode rval = createNewNode(key);
    iter = object.keys();
    while (iter.hasNext())
    {
      String nestedKey = (String)iter.next();
      if (!nestedKey.equals(JSON_TYPE))
      {
        Object x = object.opt(nestedKey);
        if (x instanceof JSONArray)
        {
          // Iterate through.
          JSONArray array = (JSONArray)x;
          int i = 0;
          while (i < array.length())
          {
            x = array.opt(i++);
            processObject(rval,nestedKey,x);
          }
        }
        else
          processObject(rval,nestedKey,x);
      }
    }
    return rval;
  }
 
  /** Process a JSON object */
  protected void processObject(ConfigurationNode cn, String key, Object x)
    throws ManifoldCFException
  {
    if (x instanceof JSONObject)
    {
      // Nested single object
      ConfigurationNode nestedCn = readNode(key,(JSONObject)x);
      cn.addChild(cn.getChildCount(),nestedCn);
    }
    else if (x == JSONObject.NULL)
    {
      // Null object.  Don't enter the key.
    }
    else
    {
      // It's a string or a number or some scalar value
      String value = x.toString();
      // Is it an attribute, or a value?
      if (key.startsWith(JSON_ATTRIBUTE))
      {
        // Attribute.  Set the attribute in the current node.
        cn.setAttribute(key.substring(JSON_ATTRIBUTE.length()),value);
      }
      else if (key.equals(JSON_VALUE))
      {
        // Value.  Set the value in the current node.
        cn.setValue(value);
      }
      else if (key.equals(JSON_CHILDREN))
      {
        // Children, as a list of separately enumerated child nodes.
        if (!(x instanceof JSONArray))
          throw new ManifoldCFException("Expected array contents for '"+JSON_CHILDREN+"' node");
        JSONArray array = (JSONArray)x;
        int i = 0;
        while (i < array.length())
        {
          Object z = array.opt(i++);
          if (!(z instanceof JSONObject))
            throw new ManifoldCFException("Expected object as array member");
          ConfigurationNode nestedCn = readNode((String)null,(JSONObject)z);
          cn.addChild(cn.getChildCount(),nestedCn);
        }
      }
      else
      {
        // Something we don't recognize, which can only be a simplified key/value pair.
        // Create a child node representing the key/value pair.
        ConfigurationNode nestedCn = createNewNode(key);
        nestedCn.setValue(value);
        cn.addChild(cn.getChildCount(),nestedCn);
      }
    }
  }

  /** Read from an XML binary stream.
  *@param xmlstream is the input XML stream.  Does NOT close the stream.
  */
  public void fromXML(InputStream xmlstream)
    throws ManifoldCFException
  {
    XMLDoc doc = new XMLDoc(xmlstream);
    initializeFromDoc(doc);
  }

  protected void initializeFromDoc(XMLDoc doc)
    throws ManifoldCFException
  {
    if (readOnly)
      throw new IllegalStateException("Attempt to change read-only object");
    clearChildren();
    ArrayList list = new ArrayList();
    doc.processPath(list, "*", null);

    if (list.size() != 1)
    {
      throw new ManifoldCFException("Bad xml - missing outer '"+rootNodeLabel+"' node - there are "+Integer.toString(list.size())+" nodes");
    }
    Object parent = list.get(0);
    if (!doc.getNodeName(parent).equals(rootNodeLabel))
      throw new ManifoldCFException("Bad xml - outer node is not '"+rootNodeLabel+"'");

    list.clear();
    doc.processPath(list, "*", parent);

    // Outer level processing.
    int i = 0;
    while (i < list.size())
    {
      Object o = list.get(i++);
      ConfigurationNode node = readNode(doc,o);
      addChild(getChildCount(),node);
    }
  }

  /** Read a configuration node from XML.
  *@param doc is the document.
  *@param object is the object.
  *@return the specification node.
  */
  protected ConfigurationNode readNode(XMLDoc doc, Object object)
    throws ManifoldCFException
  {
    String type = doc.getNodeName(object);
    ConfigurationNode rval = createNewNode(type);
    String value = doc.getData(object);
    rval.setValue(value);
    // Do attributes
    ArrayList list = doc.getAttributes(object);
    int i = 0;
    while (i < list.size())
    {
      String attribute = (String)list.get(i++);
      String attrValue = doc.getValue(object,attribute);
      rval.setAttribute(attribute,attrValue);
    }
    // Now, do children
    list.clear();
    doc.processPath(list,"*",object);
    i = 0;
    while (i < list.size())
    {
      Object o = list.get(i);
      ConfigurationNode node = readNode(doc,o);
      rval.addChild(i++,node);
    }
    return rval;
  }

  /** Get child count.
  *@return the count.
  */
  public int getChildCount()
  {
    return children.size();
  }

  /** Get child n.
  *@param index is the child number.
  *@return the child node.
  */
  public ConfigurationNode findChild(int index)
  {
    return children.get(index);
  }

  /** Remove child n.
  *@param index is the child to remove.
  */
  public void removeChild(int index)
  {
    if (readOnly)
      throw new IllegalStateException("Attempt to change read-only object");
    ConfigurationNode node = children.remove(index);
    removeOuterNode(node);
  }

  /** Add child at specified position.
  *@param index is the position to add the child.
  *@param child is the child to add.
  */
  public void addChild(int index, ConfigurationNode child)
  {
    if (readOnly)
      throw new IllegalStateException("Attempt to change read-only object");
    children.add(index,child);
    addOuterNode(child);
  }

  /** Clear children.
  */
  public void clearChildren()
  {
    if (readOnly)
      throw new IllegalStateException("Attempt to change read-only object");
    children.clear();
    clearOuterNodes();
  }

  /** Calculate a hash code */
  public int hashCode()
  {
    int rval = 0;
    int i = 0;
    while (i < children.size())
    {
      rval += children.get(i++).hashCode();
    }
    return rval;
  }

  /** Do a comparison */
  public boolean equals(Object o)
  {
    if (!(o instanceof Configuration))
      return false;
    Configuration p = (Configuration)o;
    if (children.size() != p.children.size())
      return false;
    int i = 0;
    while (i < children.size())
    {
      if (!children.get(i).equals(p.children.get(i)))
        return false;
      i++;
    }
    return true;
  }

  /** Construct a human-readable string */
  public String toString()
  {
    StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
    sb.append("[");
    if (children != null)
    {
      int i = 0;
      while (i < children.size())
      {
        if (i > 0)
          sb.append(", ");
        ConfigurationNode cn = children.get(i++);
        sb.append(cn.toString());
      }
    }
    sb.append("]");
    return sb.toString();
  }
}
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